Oxford scientists have contributed to major advances in immunology such as implicating lymphocytes in the immune response (James Gowans), determining the structure of antibodies (Rodney Porter, Nobel Prize 1972), and characterizing leucocyte cell surface molecules (Alan Williams). Oxford has one of the highest concentrations of active immunology researchers in the world, and is rated the top University in the UK in the area of infection and immunity.
Our special forte is top-class basic research in immunological mechanisms and in translating this knowledge into clinical and commercial applications. Areas of strength in basic research include all aspects of lymphocyte function, including the molecular basis of lymphocyte recognition, and regulatory and unconventional T cells. Areas of strength in translational research include mucosal immunology, tumor immunology, autoimmune diseases, therapeutic immunology and vaccines. Immunology research is performed in a number of University Departments and Institutes. These include the Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, the Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences, the Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, the Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, Paediatrics and Biochemistry. Institutes include the Weatherall Institute for Molecular Medicine, the Jenner Institute and the Kennedy Institute, which moved to Oxford in 2011. There are strong links between immunologists through regular meetings of the Oxford Immunology Group.