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Andrew Carr


Nuffield Professor of Orthopaedics

  • Former Head of Department for NDORMS
  • Former Director of the Botnar Institute for Musculoskeletal Sciences


Andrew Carr is the Nuffield Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery at the University of Oxford and trained at Bristol, Sheffield, Oxford and Melbourne. His research has focussed on the development and evaluation of surgical implants. Whilst working with John Goodfellow he defined the use of the Oxford Knee as a partial knee replacement which has been implanted in over 2 million people worldwide. He pioneered the importance of patients’ views in assessing the outcome of surgery and the Oxford Scores, which he co-invented, and is now used globally to assess patient outcomes and direct health policy.  He has improved the infrastructure for clinical trials of surgery in the UK, including the controversial use of placebo, or sham surgery, controls.  He co-founded the Royal College of Surgeons of England Trial Unit in Oxford in 2012.  He is author of over 450 papers and review articles, including more than 25 in the Lancet and BMJ, which have been cited over 37,000 times. 

He led the construction of the Botnar Research Institute complex, at the University of Oxford, which houses over 300 multidisciplinary researchers with charitable endowments of over £30 million. He was Director of the NIHR Biomedical Research Unit in Oxford from 2008-2017. He was instrumental in the relocation of the Kennedy Institute for Rheumatology to Oxford in 2013 with an investment of over £60 million from the Kennedy Trust. He was Divisional Director of the Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre during the formation of Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust in 2011 and is past President of the British Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Society (BESS).

He is a fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences and an NIHR Senior Investigator. His awards include an honorary doctorate of medicine from the University of Copenhagen, the Gold Medal of the British Orthopaedic Association and the Steindler Award from the USA.