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New computational technique reveals changes to lung function post COVID-19 infection

Coronavirus COVID-19 General Research

A new study led by Oxford researchers found that prior COVID-19 infection was associated with more uneven inflation of the lungs during normal breathing, smaller lung volumes, and greater respiratory dead space.

Oxford spinout Optellum secures $14m funding to advance pioneering AI-powered lung cancer diagnosis technology

General Innovation Research

Optellum, a University of Oxford spinout that provides a breakthrough AI platform to diagnose and treat early-stage lung cancer, has raised $14 million in a Series A funding round.

Celebrating Childhood Cancer Awareness Month

General

September was Childhood Cancer Awareness Month, and researchers in Department of Paediatrics took action to help raise awareness for this cause.

New study shows higher rate of fractures in people with intellectual disability

General Research

In the most comprehensive study of its kind, researchers at the University of Oxford and Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust found a substantially higher rate of fractures in people with intellectual disability compared with people of the same age and gender without an intellectual disability.

New evidence for how our brains handle surprise

General Research

A new study from the Bruno Group is challenging our perceptions of how the different regions of the cerebral cortex function. A group of ‘quiet’ cells in the somatosensory cortex that rarely respond to touch have been found to react mainly to surprising circumstances. The results suggest their function is not necessarily driven by touch, but may indicate an important and previously unidentified role across all the major cortices.

Language learning difficulties in children linked to brain differences

General Research

A new study using MRI has revealed structural brain changes in children with developmental language disorder (DLD), a common but under-recognised difficulty in language learning. Children with DLD aged 10-15 showed reduced levels of myelin in areas of the brain associated with speaking and listening to others, and areas involved in learning new skills. This finding is a significant advance in our understanding of DLD and these brain differences may explain the poorer language outcomes in this group.

The Gene Therapists Headline at Glastonbury 2022

Events General

Rosie Munday writes about her experience taking science to the masses at the Glastonbury Festival.

New research reveals relationship between particular brain circuits and different aspects of mental wellbeing

General Research

Researchers at the University of Oxford have uncovered previously unknown details about how changes in the brain contribute to changes in wellbeing.

Night-time blood pressure assessment is found to be important in diagnosing hypertension

General Research

Around 15% of people aged 40-75 may have a form of undiagnosed high blood pressure (hypertension) that occurs only at night-time. Because they do not know about this, and therefore are not being treated for it, they are at a higher risk of cardiovascular disease such as stroke, heart failure, and even death, suggests new research from the University of Oxford published in the British Journal of General Practice.

Major new NIHR Global Health Research Unit to focus on data science and genomic surveillance of antimicrobial resistance

Awards and Appointments General

The Centre for Genomic Pathogen Surveillance, part of the Big Data Institute at the University of Oxford, has been awarded funding worth £7m for their work as an NIHR Global Health Research Unit (GHRU) for the next five years. The Centre’s research and capacity building work focuses on delivering genomics and enabling data for the surveillance of antimicrobial resistance (AMR).

How artificial intelligence is shaping medical imaging

General Research

Dr Qiang Zhang of the Radcliffe Department of Medicine explains how artificial intelligence is being used to help researchers and physicians interpret medical imaging.

Researchers describe how cancer cells can defend themselves from the consequences of certain genetic defects

General Research

Researchers in Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics have identified a rescue mechanism that allows cancers to overcome the consequences of inactivating mutations in critically important genes.

Obituary – Professor Dame Valerie Beral, 28 July 1946 – 26 August 2022

General

Epidemiologist who resolved important questions about women’s health

The passing of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II

General

The University of Oxford is deeply saddened to learn of the death of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. The University enjoyed a close relationship with the Queen throughout her reign and gives thanks for her 70 years of service to the nation.

Malaria booster vaccine continues to meet WHO-specified 75% efficacy goal

General Research

Researchers from the University of Oxford and their partners have today reported new findings from their Phase 2b trial following the administration of a booster dose of the candidate malaria vaccine, R21/Matrix-M™ – which previously demonstrated high-level efficacy of 77% over the following 12 months in young west African children in 2021.

Why our brain wiring’s insulation matters

General Research

Alberto Lazari of the Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences explains the importance of insulation in our brains' wiring.

Gero Miesenböck awarded Horwitz Prize for foundational work on Optogenetics

Awards and Appointments General

Congratulations to Professor Gero Miesenböck (Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics) who is to be awarded the 2022 Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize, together with Professors Karl Deisseroth and Peter Hegemann, for research that laid the foundation for the field of optogenetics.

Oxford’s clinical staff awarded OAHP funding for research skills training

Awards and Appointments General

£73,000 of professional development grants are being awarded to Oxford’s nurses, midwives, allied health professionals and research practitioners to develop skills that will support them to research new and improved ways of delivering healthcare to patients and service users.

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