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Geoff's research interest is in the use of realist approaches to make sense of and/or understand the implementation of complex health and social interventions. Students interested in undertaking a full or part-time DPhil at the Department in Oxford using realist synthesis and/or realist evaluation in their research are invited to contact him.

Current DPHil students

Adrian Rohrbasser

Katrin Micklitz

Maryam Ahmadyar

Alexandra Jager

Georgette Eaton

Vira Ameli

Geoff Wong


Associate Professor

Geoff joined the Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences team in March 2015. He is a highly experienced and internationally recognised expert in realist synthesis and evaluation and works closely with researchers in the field of evidence syntheses of complex health and social interventions.

Clinically he works as a General Practitioner (GP) in London. He has previously worked at University College London and Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry.

He gained his first degree in Medical Sciences from the University of Cambridge and his MBBS from Guys and St Thomas’ Hospital. He undertook his vocational training in north London and was a GP Trainer. His MD(Res) on the use of the Internet in medical education was supervised by Professors Trish Greenhalgh and Ray Pawson.

Geoff’s research centres on making sense of complex health and social interventions in which context and human agency are key. His work focuses on applying a realist logic of analysis in evidence syntheses or evaluations to explain and understand these types of interventions.

Researchers interested in realist syntheses or realist evaluations may wish to join the RAMESES JISCMail email list or visit the RAMESES Projects website.


Current research projects:

  • Sustaining locally-driven social care for those affected by dementia: A realist evaluation of successful Meeting Centres (funder: NIHR RfSC Programme)
  • Reducing Health Inequalities through General Practice: A Realist Review (EQUALISE) (funder: NIHR HS&DR Programme)
  • NHS Health Check programme: a realist review (funder: NIHR HS&DR Programme)
  • Evidence base to inform health service configuration for abortion provision (funder: NIHR HS&DR Programme)
  • Optimising cultural provision to improve older people’s well-being through social prescribing in the context of COVID-19: Realist review and evaluation (funder: UKRI)
  • Safety-netting in Primary Care: A realist review of the contexts and mechanisms of its effectiveness (funder: NIHR RfPB Programme)

  • Using Health Information Systems to address patient concerns in GP consultations: a feasibility study (funder: NIHR RfPB Programme)
  • ESMI-II: The Effectiveness and cost effectiveness of community perinatal Mental health services (funder: NIHR HS&DR Programme)
  • A realist review of community engagement with health research (funder Wellcome Trust)

Completed research projects: