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c.1100

Teaching begins at the University of Oxford

c. 1310

Oxford doctor John of Gaddesden publishes the Rosa Anglica, Britain’s earliest surviving medical textbook

1546

Henry VIII establishes the Regius Professor of Medicine at Oxford

1621

Oxford Botanic Garden, one of the oldest physic gardens in the world, opened

1628

William Harvey publishes a treatise on the circulation of the blood

1665

Oxford student Robert Hooke publishes Micrographia, which demonstrates the cell structure of living tissue

1714

Doctor John Radcliffe dies, leaving a substantial fortune to the University

1770

Radcliffe Infirmary opened

1883

Department of Physiology established

1893

Department of Anatomy established

1912

Department of Pharmacology established

1920

Department of Biochemistry established

1927

Sir William Dunn School of Pathology established

1935

The Nuffield Institute of Medical Research opened

1936

Institute of Experimental Psychology established

1937

Nuffield Chairs created in Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Anaesthetics, and Orthopaedic Surgery, with associated departments following

1939

Full postgraduate medical school established, with undergraduate students soon accepted

1941

First systemic administration of penicillin given to a human at the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology 

1946

The medical school is permanently established for postgraduate and undergraduate teaching

1959

James Gowans and Peter Medawar discover the role of the lymphocyte

1969

Department of Psychiatry established

1979

John Radcliffe Hospital opens; Mahidol-Oxford-Wellcome Unit opened in Bangkok

2000

Medical Sciences Division formed

2005

Oxford teams in Thailand publish landmark paper on the treatment of malaria

2007

NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre (OxBRC) established

2010

Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences and Department of Oncology established

2012

Radcliffe Department of Medicine established; NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre (OxBRC) is awarded £95.5m of funding to 2017

2013

Medical Sciences Division sign a Joint Working Agreement with the Oxford University Hospitals (OUH) NHS Foundation Trust; Nuffield Department of Population Health established

2016

University of Oxford ranked number one in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings for clinical, pre-clinical and health sciences; NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre (OxBRC) is awarded £113.7m for 2017 to 2022; £12.8 million is awarded to establish a new Oxford Health Biomedical Research Centre specialising in mental health and dementia