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Data showing 7.7 million deaths from 33 bacterial infections can guide measures to strengthen health systems, particularly in low-income settings

Map of age-standardized mortality rate per 100,000 population for 33 bacteria in 2019

Common bacterial infections were linked to one in eight global deaths in 2019—and represented the second leading cause of death that year, according to findings published in the Lancet by the Global Research on Antimicrobial Resistance (GRAM) Project.

There were 7.7 million deaths in 2019 associated with 33 common bacterial infections, with five bacteria alone connected to half of these mortalities, according to the research by GRAM, a partnership between the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) and the University of Oxford. The deadliest bacterial pathogens and types of infection varied by location and age.

Second only to ischaemic heart disease as the leading cause of death, the analysis highlights reducing bacterial infections as a global public health priority. Building stronger health systems with greater diagnostic laboratory capacity, implementing control measures, and optimising antibiotic use are crucial to lessen the burden of disease caused by common bacterial infections, researchers said.

Read the full story on the GRAM website

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