Module 3.1: Basic and appropriate biology – species specific (theory)
This module provides an introduction to the basic principles of animal behaviour, care, biology and husbandry. It incorporates information in relation to anatomy and physiological features, including reproduction, behaviour and routine animal husbandry and enrichment practices. It is not intended to provide more than the minimum background information which is needed for someone to be able to begin work under supervision. Following this module practical training, under supervision, should provide each individual with the expertise and skills needed for them to carry out their particular function. Practical training requirements will, inevitably, differ according to function.
Trainees should be able to:
3.1.1. Describe basic anatomy, physiology, reproduction and behaviour of the relevant species.
3.1.2. Recognize and describe life events that have the potential to cause suffering including sourcing, transport, housing, husbandry, handling and procedures (on a basic level).
3.1.3. Indicate how good welfare can promote good science: e.g. explain how the failure to attend to biological and behavioural needs may affect the outcome of procedures.
3.1.4. Indicate how husbandry and care may influence experimental outcome and the number of animals needed e.g. example where the place in the room influences the outcome, hence randomisation.
3.1.5. Describe the dietary requirements of the relevant animal species and explain how these can be met.
3.1.6. Describe the importance of providing an enriched environment (appropriate to both the species and the science) including social housing and opportunities for exercise, resting and sleeping.
3.1.7. When relevant to the species, recognise that there are different strains, and that these can have different characteristics which can affect both welfare and science.
3.1.8. When relevant to the species, recognise that alterations to the genome can affect the phenotype in unexpected and subtle ways, and the importance of monitoring such animals very carefully.
3.1.9. Maintain and interpret accurate, comprehensive records of animals held in the animal facility, including the wellbeing of the animals