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Manipulating the brain has been a tool used in the treatment of mental illness for centuries, and treatments have often been controversial. From psychosurgery, including lobotomy and leucotomy, to electro-convulsive therapy, which is still used to treat depression and psychotic illness today, more modern methods include deep brain stimulation and transcranial magnetic stimulation.

Read the full article on The Conversation website, written by Matthew Broome of the  Department of Psychiatry and Faculty of Philosophy. 

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