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The findings provide a critical new perspective on how HIV persists in the body despite potent antiretroviral therapy.
The study, led by Northwestern University, USA, is published in the journal Nature.
'We have a path to a cure,' said corresponding author Dr Steven Wolinsky, chief of infectious diseases at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and a Northwestern Medicine physician. 'The challenge now is to deliver drugs at clinically effective concentrations to where the virus continues to replicate within the patient.'