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Children with HIV who can resist the disease progressing could point the way to new treatments for HIV infection that are more widely applicable to infected adults and children alike, an international team of researchers led by Oxford University has found.

Illustration of an HIV virus in the bloodstream © RAJ CREATIONZS - Shutterstock

A study published in Science Translational Medicine looked at paediatric non-progressors (PNPs), the 5 – 10% of children infected with HIV in whom the disease does not progress. While more than 50% of children with HIV die before two years old, PNP children can live normal childhoods, often without anyone realising they carry HIV.

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